Abusive Head Trauma

A traumatic brain injury caused by violent shaking and/or inflicted blunt impact, which can lead to Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS).


ACE inhibitors

A class of drugs that cause vasodilation, used to treat hypertension, heart failure, and diabetes mellitus (MD).


Age of viability

The age a premature baby can survive outside the uterus. The threshold of fetus viability is usually after 23 weeks of gestation; however, the survival rate for infants born this prematurely is low with an increased chance of developing medical problems.


AHT

A traumatic brain injury caused by violent shaking and/or inflicted blunt impact, which can lead to Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS). AHT is also known as Abusive Head Trauma.


Amniotomy

The artificial rupture of the amniotic sac to induce or accelerate labour.


Apgar score

Classification method for evaluating a newborn’s main vital functions in the early minutes of the newborn’s life.


Apgar score

A score given to a newborn by a health care provider at one and five minutes after birth based on their heart rate, respiratory rate, muscle tone, irritability and colour. The overall score ranges from 0 to 10. A low score may warrant the need for medical intervention and/or close monitoring.


Attachment

The reciprocal, interactive relationship between a baby and the parent(s) or caregiver(s).


Autoimmune disorders

An autoimmune disorder occurs when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys healthy body tissue. There are over 80 types of autoimmune disorders, including arthritis and Lupus.


Bacterial vaginosis

A mild vaginal infection common in women of reproductive age. Bacterial vaginosis usually does not cause health problems and often clears up on its own. In some cases, it can increase the risk of contracting sexually-transmitted infections, increase the risk of miscarriage, and lead to preterm labour.