Birth defects

Morphological anomaly of the organs, the members, or tissue present at birth (hereditary or not).


Blood gases

A blood test used to measure the level of oxygen and carbon dioxide along with pH of the blood. Arterial blood gases come from an artery, and venous blood gases come from a vein. The results can be used to diagnosis various health conditions, including the respiratory function and blood pH of a baby.


BMI

A tool used to measure the ratio of a person’s weight to their height in order to assess health risks. The formula for calculating BMI is (weight (lb) / [height (in)]2) x 703. BMI is also known as Body Mass Index.


Body mass index

Tool used to measure the ratio of a person’s weight to their height in order to assess health risks.


Body mass index

A tool used to measure the ratio of a person’s weight to their height in order to assess health risks. The formula for calculating BMI is (weight (lb) / [height (in)]2) x 703.


Cardiotocograph

An electronic machine used to record fetal heart rate typically used the in third trimester. There are two types of cardiotocograph: internal and external. The external measures the fetal heart rate and activity of the uterine muscles with transducers that are placed on the individual’s abdomen. An internal cardiotocograph measures fetal heart rate with transducers that are placed on the fetal scalp through the cervical opening.


Carrier

A person who has a recessive gene associated with a disorder and shows no signs of that particular disorder but could pass the gene to his or her children.


Cervical polyp

A small, usually benign, growth on the cervix which is the lower part of the uterus that connects with the vagina. Cervical polyps may cause spotting.


Chemotherapeutics

The treatment of cancer using specific chemical agents or drugs that are selectively destructive to malignant cells and tissues.


Chlamydia

A sexually-transmitted infection caused by a parasitic bacterium that often has no symptoms but if left untreated, may lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, ectopic pregnancy, birth complications, and infections in newborns.